Reimagining the Civic
Luis Callejas, Fernanda Canales, Stella Betts Reimagining the Civic investigates and describes the design challenges of three studios led by the three Kahn Visiting Assistant Professors at Yale School of Architecture: architect Fernanda Canales, of Mexico City, assisted by David Turturo, critic in architecture; Luis Callejas and Charlotte Hansson, directors of LCLA office, based in Oslo and Medellín, assisted by Marta Caldeira lecturer; and Stella Betts, of LEVENBETTS, in New York. Each studio focused on different environments and social contexts while scrutinizing age-old questions pertinent to the architectural discipline’s understanding of civic space.
Saba Salkefard, Christopher Pin, Bobby Chun, Claudia Ansorena Retrospecta catalogs activity at the Yale School of Architecture. Each volume is a snapshot of evolving architectural and graphic design trends. The book demarcates events such as lectures, publication releases, and outstanding circumstances that have uniquely impacted the academic, social, and political environment at the school. Volume 44 covers the activities of the Yale School of Architecture 2020-21 academic year. This year’s vicissitudes of curricular hybridity forced upon us a necessary reorientation of the medium we communicate and design with, and a renegotiation of the space we inhabit while we work. Our methods and our material worlds were pushed through the lens of remoteness, and so too were the ideas that followed. As a publication that stands to react and reflect upon the beats of the previous year, two moves were absolutely critical in order to address this fulcrum of architectural education: a virtual
Towers in the city
Berlin Alexanderplatz Hans Kollhoff and Kyle Dugdale The book examines the tower as the architectural expression of a long-term commitment to the city. The conclusion is that development must be driven not only by property value and architectural ingenuity but also by respect for collective memory and common humanity. The book argues that these public commitments find architectural expression in a radically different tectonic to that of contemporary patterns of development. The volume presents a series of prompts, provocations, and projects to address the challenge of designing a tower that can be understood as a monolithic whole, even if assembled from discrete parts. From the introduction by Hans Kollhoff and Kyle Dugdale: The European skyscraper is not simply an extrusion of the site, driven by property value, but rather a vertical extension off the earth._At the heart of this studio is the contention that the European high-rise tower is imbued with public responsibility,
Next Generation Tourism
Touching the Ground Lightly- Edward P. Bass Visiting Distinguished Architecture Fellowship #14. John Spence, Henry Squire, Patrick Bellew The book features current sustainability and material research and design for innovative strategies centered around ecology, sustainability, and the rise of future tourism models on the resort island of Gili Meno, Indonesia. It focuses on sustainability of materials, climate issues, and development in fragile island areas where exploitation of resources are being monitored for future development. It is said that our actions impact the environment seven generations into the future. In fact the growing concern about the global impact of tourism and the associated waste produced by leisure industries is outdated. This Yale graduate advanced architecture studio analyzed the current ecological conditions, indigenous architecture styles, and resort culture of Gili Meno, a tiny remote island off the coast of Lombok, Indonesia, to generate next-generation models of tourism. We've also seen a huge rise in awareness of
Within or Without
Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professors 09 Florencia Pita, Jackilin Bloom, Omar Gandhi, Scott Ruff Scott Ruff's studio, "Gullah/Geechee Institute," investigated architecture's role as a cultural signifier in the African-American Gullah-Geechee community off the South Carolina coast. It challenged students to translate cultural ideas into tectonic and spatial strategies for a monument, museum, and memorial that serves as a gateway to the Gullah-Geechee corridor, incorporating public interpretive and historical programs. In Florencia Pita and Jackilin Bloom's studio, "Easy Office," students experimented with ways of generating new spatial, formal, material, and narrative ideas through the processes of collecting, collaging, and casting everyday objects. The studio considered notions of the creative office and the workplace based on the unexpected space, form, and materiality that emerged from these processes. Students in Omar Gandhiâ's studio, "Where the Wild Things Are" designed a campus of creatures for Rabbit Snare Gorge on the north coast of Cape Breton Island. They focused
Rachel Tsai, Abraham Mora-Valle, Brian Orser, Claire Hicks Each volume is a snapshot of evolving architectural and graphic design trends. The book demarcates events such as lectures, publication releases, and outstanding circumstances that have uniquely impacted the academic, social, and political environment at the school. Volume 43 covers the activities of the Yale School of Architecture 2019-20 academic year.
Natalie Broton, Ives Brown, Colin Chudyk, Sze Wai Justin Kong Retrospecta catalogs activity at the Yale School of Architecture. Each volume is a snapshot of evolving architectural and graphic design trends. The book demarcates events such as lectures, publication releases, and outstanding circumstances that have uniquely impacted the academic, social, and political environment at the school. Volume 42 covers the activities of the Yale School of Architecture 2018-2019 academic year.
The Diamonds of American Cities
Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship #13 Janet Marie Smith, Alan Plattus, Andrei Harwell This book features the advanced studio at Yale School of Architecture to develop concepts for both minor and major league baseball stadiums in cities. The Diamonds of American Cities presents the work of Edward P. Bass Visiting Distinguished Architecture Fellow Janet Marie Smith, vice president of the Los Angeles Dodgers, and Alan Plattus and Andrei Harwell, Yale faculty members, with students of the School of Architecture. The challenge was to analyze ballparks and their urban ramifications in a two-phased project, one each for a minor and a major league team. The students formed four groups and developed proposals for the Pawtucket Red Sox on different New England sites. Critical analysis of the development opportunities for a large-scale sports facility and the consequences on a medium-size city drove the presentations to the Pawtucket team management and informed its move
Harlem: Mart 125
Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship #12 Jonathan Rose, Sara Caples, Everado Jefferson The task for this studio was to design a new mixed-use building across from the Apollo Theatre on 125th Street in Harlem. The developer Jonathan Rose, with New York-based architects Sara Caples and Everardo Jefferson challenged their Yale students to design a sustainable mixed-use residential and cultural building, with housing for retired jazz musicians, restaurants, and media spaces, on the last cityowned parcel. The studio questioned issues of cultural representation versus the mutability of the site's ethnic anchorings. It requires the designer to consider each space from the user's perspective. And it demands high standards of sustainable design, headed towards net zero, that support a more satisfying occupant experience, with maximal use of controlled daylight and natural ventilation. The book features interviews with those on the studio juries including Robert A. M. Stern, Alexander Garvin, and Vincent Chang.
Paranoazinho: City Making Beyond Brasilia
Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship #11 Rafael Birmann, Sunil Bald Brasilia was born with the car central to its conception, and the result is a City of the Future that is decidedly anti-urban. Twenty kilometers from the north edge of Brasilia is Sobradinho, also planned by Costa, but as a settlement rather than a city. Between Brasilia and Sobradinho lies a 16 million square-meter estate known as “Fazenda Paranoazinho.” The book examines the premise of collective city-making on this large empty site between Brasilia and its unplanned satellite suburbs in a studio led by Brazilian developers Rafael and Ricardo Birmann and Sunil Bald assistant professor at Yale School of Architecture. It includes essays and interviews of the Birmanns, Bald and David Sim of Gehl Architects as well as a photo essay by Stefan Ruiz.
A Sustainable Bodega/Hotel in Rioja
Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship 10 John Spence, Andy Bow, Patrick Bellew A Sustainable Bodega/Hotel in Rioja presents the studio of the Yale Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship taught by John Spence, entrepreneur and chairman of Karma Resorts worldwide with architect Andy Bow, a senior partner at Foster & Partners in London; environmental engineer Patrick Bellew, principal of Atelier Ten, London; and Timothy Newton of the Yale faculty. The studio proposed designs for a world-class winery and hotel complex in Rioja, Spain where wineries are both vernacular and exuberant in design. The students were challenged to address social, economic, and environmental sustainability in a holistic and integrated way. The project resulted in a range of strategies to sustainably harvest, engage local workforce, integrate landscape, and source materials responsibly. The project features attractions and symbiotic food production to facilitate tourist visits. Edited by Henry Chan and Nina Rappaport the book
The Marine Etablissement
New Terrain for Central Amsterdam Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship 09 Isaäc Kalisvaart, Alexander Garvin, Kevin D. Gray, Andrei Harwell The Marine Etablissement: New Terrain for Central Amsterdam presents the studio of the ninth Yale Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship taught by Isaäc Kalisvaart, CEO of MAB Development, with Alexander Garvin, Kevin D. Gray, and Andrei Harwell of the Yale faculty. The studio proposed designs for the Marine Etablissement, Amsterdam’s historic closed military installation for over 350 years, which is currently undergoing a plan to open for varied and public uses. The projects show numerous approaches with housing, schools, universities, tech centers, and infrastructural links to the city’s core. The book includes an interview with Isaäc Kalisvaart and an introduction by Alexander Garvin, an essay on broad economic environment and financial feasibility of the design proposals by Kevin D. Gray; Erik Go, head of Studio MAB, and Hans-Hugo Smit,
Social Infrastructure: New York
Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship #08 Douglas Durst, Bjarke Ingels The Bass Fellowship at the Yale School of Architecture was led by Douglas Durst of the Durst Organization, a leading New York firm known for spearheading sustainable high-rise developments, architects Bjarke Ingels and Thomas Christoffersen of BIG, and Yale faculty member Andrew Benner. The studio explored potential synergies between public and private programs in the design of inhabited bridges crossing major waterways in New York City. The featured projects here demonstrate a diverse range of approaches for combining residential, cultural, and commercial activities on complex and dense infrastructural sites in imaginative and productive ways. The book includes interviews with the professors, an essay by Bjarke Ingels and the studio projects.
Mixed-Use and Super-Dense- Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship #07 Vincent Lo / Kohn Pederson Fox Associates Rethinking Chongqing presents the work of a Edward P. Bass Studio at the Yale School of Architecture, co-taught by real estate developer Vincent Lo, founder and chairman of Shui-On Land, the Yale Bass Fellow, and Paul Katz, James von Klemperer, and Forth Bagley, managing principal, design principal, and senior associate, respectively, of the international architecture firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. The site of the studio project is the soon to be redeveloped site of the central rail terminal, a critical nexus of infrastructure located near the riverside that offers rich possibilities for re-thinking the relationship between transit, public space, and mixed-use program in the city. The studio investigated a diverse range of proposals for new scales, typologies, and program mixes play in shaping new paradigms for the development of western China’s emerging mega-cities.
Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship 08 Michael Young, Kersten Geers, David Erdman The future is not as far away as it might seem. What seemed a problem of the next generation now has become a problem of tomorrow. We are accelerating towards a future that is evermore present, guided by political and economic forces that seem unintelligible. Is this quick-paced intangible progression, the role of the architect is at stake. How can architecture keep up with society? Can it adapt quickly enough to frame it? And is so, what should that frame look like? The book features interviews with the professors and essays on their specific studio topics. Michael Young investigates the past from the future in Aesthetics of Accelerationism: The Icelandic Infrastructure 2036-2056. Kersten Geers analyzes visions for agricultural ensembles for communal living in Architecture Without Consent 19: Almost Classicism. And David Erdman looks to the potential of building on top of housing
Against the Grain
Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship series Marcelo Spina, Georgina Huljich, Dan Wood, Lisa Gray, Alan Organschi Against the Grain, features the work of three studios of the Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professors at Yale. Marcelo Spina and Georgina Huljich in Brutal Beauty: Piles, Monoliths and the Incongruous Whole explored ways to make mute icons through monolithic form so that the buildings were foreign to their context and difficult to read formally for a film center in Los Angeles. Dan Wood in Boulevard Triumphant: ecological infrastructure, architecture, modernization, and the image of the city a studio for a civic center in Gabon that challenged the architectural language in Africa beyond the clich's and nostalgia to create an architecture that embodied a new ambition. Lisa Gray and Alan Organschi in 'Timber Innovation District: new timber technologies and contemporary high performance wood architecture researched wood as a material for larger-scale projects for a
Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship 06 Joe Day, Tom Wiscombe, Adib Cúre, Carie Penabad Cultural Cues is the sixth book that features the work of the Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship, an endowed chairmanship to bring young innovators in architectural design to the Yale School of Architecture. This book includes the advanced studio research of Joe Day of Deegan Day Design in “NOWplex,” Tom Wiscombe of Tom Wiscombe Architecture in “The Broad Redux,” and Adib Cúre and Carie Penabad of Cúre & Penabad in “Havana. Housing in the Historic City Center.” Sited in Los Angeles and Havana, these studio projects explore contemporary interpretations of the implications of cinema, the museum, and the house taking cues from their complex cultural and urban context. Along with the student work, interviews with the architects about the work of their professional offices, and essays framing the Yale studios are combined with insight into the
Renewing Architectural Typologies
Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship 05 Makram el Kadi, Ziad Jamaleddine, Tom Coward, Daisy Froud, Vincent Lacovara, Geoff Shearcroft, Hernan Diaz Alonso This is the fifth book documenting the Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship featuring the work of young architect-practitioners teaching in the advanced studios at Yale. The studios each explore new typologies and include the themes, “Once Upon A House,” taught by Hernan Diaz Alonzo of the L.A. based architectural practice Xefirotarch, which examined the relationship of types versus species, where type is viewed as “categories of standardization, then species are malleable entities in constant metamorphosis.” The brief called for a house to occupy a site in three acts by employing a cellular spatial logic. In subverting the typology of the house, the studio presents radical possibilities of inhabitation. In the “Expanded Mosque,” taught by Makram El Kadi and Ziad Jamaleddine of the New York and Beirut-based architectural practice L.E.F.T. the students critiqued architecturally both an
Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship 04 Francisco Waltersdorfer, David Yang, Nina Rappaport This book features the advanced studios of Chris Perry, Eric Bunge and Mimi Hoang, and Liza Fior with Katherine Clarke assisted by Andrei Harwell. The research and projects grapple with the issues of how to insert new pieces of architecture both as infrastructural and individual cultural buildings, into sites where existing physical and social issues are at conflict. The design solutions in each case —Cern headquarters in Geneva, the Périphérique of Paris, and the London 2012 Olympic site— unify the urban design and piece together the sites as bits of urban acupuncture creating new amenities and resources for the future. The book includes interviews with the architects about the work of their professional offices and essays on the themes of their advanced studios.
Nina Rappaport This book features the advanced studios of Jeanne Gang in "Assembly as Medium," Sunil Bald in "Institution Dissolution," and Marc Tsurumaki in "Amphibious Tactics." It includes interviews, essays, and the work of the architects along with their Yale School of Architecture studio projects.
Urban Intersections: Säo Paulo
Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship 06 Nina Rappaport, Noah Biklen, Eliza Higgins Urban Intersections: Sao Paolo documents the collaboration of Edward P. Bass Fellow Katherine Farley, senior managing director of the international real estate developer Tishman-Speyer and Yale adjunct professor Deborah Berke, assisted by Noah Biklen, at the Yale School of Architecture. The book features ways to examine the process of urban design and development in Sao Paolo, Brazil, a rapidly growing global mega-city, with all its attendant vitality and contradictions. The work engages both the development issues of schedule, phasing, risk, sustainability, value, and density along with the architectural issues of scale, formal clarity, envelope articulation, use of color and texture, and the relationship of building to landscape. An essay by Victoria Grossman analyzes and critiques development in Sao Paolo.
Learning in Las Vegas
Brook Denison Developer Charles Atwood and architect David M. Schwarz with Yale students designed pedestrian-friendly urban design projects in Las Vegas. In context with the original 1968 Yale Las Vegas Studio, Atwood and Schwarz asked students to learn from other cities how to combat Las Vegasâs lack of street-oriented urbanism.
Bishopsgate Good Yards (Edward P. Bass Distinguished Visiting Architecture Fellowship) Andrei Harwell Nick Johnson, of Urban Splash in Manchester, England and Kahn Visiting Assistant Professors Sean Griffiths, Charles Holland, and Sam Jacob,Â worked withÂ Yale students to investigate alternative possibilities for development of the derelict Bishopsgate Goods Yard in East London.
The Human City
Kings Cross George Knight This book focuses on architect Demetri Porphyrios and developer Roger Madelin projects that highlight dialogues between historic buildings and new districts to create city centers in a master plan for Kings Cross London with the Yale School of Architecture.
Future Proofing 02
Stuart Lipton, Richard Rogers, Chris Wise and Malcolm Smith Carlo Aiello Stuart Lipton of Stanhope; architect and Davenport Visiting Professors Lord Richard Rogers; Chris Wise of Expedition Engineering; and Malcolm Smith of Arup. The studio offered the students the opportunity to build a contemporary urban environment in Stratford City in East London, the site of the 2012 Olympics, as a new community around a new transit hub.
Poetry, Property, and Place, 01
Nina Rappaport Stefan Behnisch / Gerald Hines Architect Stefan Behnisch and developer Gerald Hines in a Yale advanced studio, had students design projects to transform Garibaldi Repubblica, a neglected site in central Milan, into a vital urban place.
Nina Rappaport Retrospecta is the annual journal of student work at the Yale School of Architecture.Â Part historical record, part monograph, Retrospecta seeks to capture and record the current life of the school Documenting one academic year, each issue contains exemplary work from both the design studios and support courses. The daily activities of the school, including lectures, symposia, exhibitions, and studio reviews, are also highlighted through numerous candid photographs and quotations. The journal is edited by students and published by the school.
Nicole Doan, Javier Perez, Michael Gasper, Limy Fabiana Rocha Retrospecta catalogs activity at the Yale School of Architecture. Each volume is a snapshot of evolving architectural and graphic design trends. The book demarcates events such as lectures, publication releases, and outstanding circumstances that have uniquely impacted the academic, social, and political environment at the school. Concurrently, Retrospecta 41 can be construed as a prospective glance, not only by future students and faculty, but also by the community at large. As we look ahead to the rising student activism, minority impact, and female voice which undoubtedly marked this academic year, we hope these shifts continue to evolve at YSoA.
Leo Stevens This book follows the research and design work of three studios of Ali Rahim of Contemporary Architecture Practice, Christopher Sharples, and William Sharples of SHoP Architects. The three studios are united by a focus on the future of mile-high design. Ali Rahim and his students push the boundaries of emergent digital techniques to generate an intelligent design for a high-rise in Dubai. Christopher Sharples asks his studio to redefine the concept of air travel and generate a hybrid airport of the future in New Delhi, India. William Sharples sets the architectural framework for space tourism by researching the commercial spaceport as an urban gateway and catalyst for re-forming the city.
Nina Rappaport This book presents the work and the advanced studios of Gregg Pasquarelli in "Versioning 6.0," Galia Solomonoff in âBrooklyn Civic Space, and Mario Gooden in Global Typologies. It features interviews and the work of the architects along with their studio projects.
A Paradox ? Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen with Carson Chan and David Andrew Tasman As the title of the book suggests, the ambition to exhibit architecture entails always a paradox: how to exhibit something as large and complex as a building or a city, and how to communicate something as elusive as an architectural experience that unfolds in space and time? To be sure, architecture poses a challenge to exhibition as a medium; indeed, what do we exactly exhibit when we exhibit architecture: should we be satisfied to exhibit photographs of buildings and sites, or should be aim to put whole buildings or, if that is not possible, fragments and models of them on display? Exhibiting Architecture: A Paradox? brings together, in print form, the lectures, paper presentations, and panel discussions that took place at the eponymous symposium at the Yale School of Architecture in Fall 2013. Contributors include Barry Bergdoll, Mari Lending, Wallis
Dimitri Brand, James Coleman, Amanda Iglesias, Jeongyoon Song Retrospecta is the annual journal of student work at the Yale School of Architecture. Part historical record, part monograph, Retrospecta seeks to capture and record the current life of the school. Documenting one academic year, each issue contains exemplary work from both the design studios and support courses. The daily activities of the school, including lectures, symposia, exhibitions, and studio reviews, are also highlighted through numerous candid photographs and quotations. The journal is edited by students and published by the school.
Brian Cash, Alejandro Duran, Erin Hyelin Kim, Melissa Russell Retrospecta is the annual journal of student work at the Yale School of Architecture. Part historical record, part monograph, Retrospecta seeks to capture and record the current life of the school. Documenting one academic year, each issue contains exemplary work from both the design studios and support courses. The daily activities of the school, including lectures, symposia, exhibitions, and studio reviews, are also highlighted through numerous candid photographs and quotations. The journal is edited by students and published by the school.
Analytic Models in Architecture
Emmanuel Petit Analytic Models in Architecture documents Yale School of Architecture student work from the undergraduate studio course “The Analytic Model: Descriptive and Interpretive Systems in Architecture,” taught by Emmanuel Petit from 2005 to 2014. The projects are organized to a set of ten conceptual categories that emphasize varying strategies of formal analysis: Aggregation, Cinematics, Condensation, Diagrammatics, DNA, Fluid Interlocking, Fragmentation, Morphology, Seriality, and Thickened 2-D. Five critical essays focus on particular aspects of analysis in architecture: Anna Bokov about the Soviet avant-garde, Matthew Claudel about agency as the crucial qualifier, Kyle Dugdale draws an analogy to Homeric analysis, exposing the web of deceit that underlies the ostensibly dispassionate analytic exercise, John McMorrough asks what constitutes architectural analysis after close reading is over, and Emmanuel Petit reviews the different ideologies that concepts of analysis have occupied in architectural theory throughout modernity.
Composites, Surfaces, and Software
High Performance Architecture By showcasing the intersection between technology, aesthetics, and function, this book offers a multidisciplinary approach to cutting-edge performative technology. In a Yale studio led by Lynn and Gage, students designed a boatbuilding facility using intelligence gleaned from the competitive sailing industry. These projects along with work and essays by Gage and Lynn, Frank Gehry, Lise Anne Couture, Chris Bangle, and others demonstrate how shared materials, tools, and techniques strengthen the fields of automotive and aeronautic design, boatbuilding and architecture, ultimately exhibiting the high-tech cross-pollination of form and material across industries.
Cathryn Garcia-Menocal, Wesley Michael Hiatt, Laura E. Meade, Maggie Tsang Retrospecta is the annual journal of student work at the Yale School of Architecture. Part historical record, part monograph, Retrospecta seeks to capture and record the current life of the school. Â Documenting one academic year, each issue contains exemplary work from both the design studios and support courses. The daily activities of the school, including lectures, symposia, exhibitions, and studio reviews, are also highlighted through numerous candid photographs and quotations. Â The journal is edited by students and published by the school.
Dov Feinmesser, Anthony Gagliardi As a set, the volumes of Retrospecta catalog decades of activity at the Yale School of Architecture. Standing alone, each volume is a snapshot of evolving architectural and graphic design trends. Retrospecta 37 takes progress as its theme, and attempts to mark more than the passage of another year. This volume is organized to record our ongoing growth as a student body, as a class, and as individuals. This growth builds on our collective traditions the lecture series and its celebrated receptions, the roster of returning and visiting critics and courses and charts new ground through our development as designers among a community of scholars. In this Retrospecta, academic work is interspersed with moments that embody the culture and camaraderie of the school. For the first time, mid-term documentation is included for many student projects to show progress on a more intimate scale, giving a glimpse of
The Mexican Social Housing (SP ED.)
Promises Revisited Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship Tatiana Bilbao This book is a compilation of the projects developed at the Yale School of Architecture in an advance studio called, Diversification: How to reintegrate abandoned social housing complexes in different areas of Mexico, led by the architect Tatiana Bilbao who was the Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professor for a semester, and was developed in conjunction with the INFONAVIT (Institute of the National Fund for Worker’s Housing). In response to the aggravating abandonment rates in Mexican social housing complexes, the studio aimed to address this issue and simultaneously offer solutions to the actual housing deficit. The studio’s focal point was to understand the specific environmental conditions each of the chosen case study housing complexes, and to cast a proposal that could architecturally reintegrate these spaces and transform them into a positive detonator for its surroundings. The book features a general introduction of the problem
The Mexican Social Housing (ENG. ED.)
Promises Revisited Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professorship Tatiana Bilbao This book is a compilation of the projects developed at the Yale School of Architecture in an advance studio called, Diversification: How to reintegrate abandoned social housing complexes in different areas of Mexico, led by the architect Tatiana Bilbao who was the Louis I. Kahn Visiting Assistant Professor for a semester, and was developed in conjunction with the INFONAVIT (Institute of the National Fund for Worker's Housing). In response to the aggravating abandonment rates in Mexican social housing complexes, the studio aimed to address this issue and simultaneously offer solutions to the actual housing deficit. The studio's focal point was to understand the specific environmental conditions each of the chosen case study housing complexes, and to cast a proposal that could architecturally reintegrate these spaces and transform them into a positive detonator for its surroundings. The book features a general introduction of the problem