Hong Sungook teaches at the Program in History and Philosophy of Science, Seoul National University. Prior to coming to Seoul National University, he taught at the University of Toronto. Hong believes that a deep understanding of science and technology is essential for the understanding of human beings, as well as the society, and he is publicizing the STS viewpoint on science and technology. He has been interested in the history of automata as an interface between man and machine. In recent years, he has been studying science and religion, post-humanism, and ethical issues of artificial intelligence.